Poker Programming – Step 5 (Texas Holdem-Rules of the Game)

poker-programing

Poker Programming – Step 5 (Texas Holdem-Rules of the Game)


The Shuffle, The Deal and The Blinds

The dealer shuffles a standard 52-card deck.

(In casinos, the dealer never plays. A round disc — known as a “dealer button” —

moves clockwise from player to player with each hand. The button marks which

player would be the dealer if the deal were advanced from player to player as the

game went along.)

Games start with the two players to the left of the dealer (the button) putting a

predetermined amount of money into the pot before any cards are dealt, ensuring that

there’s something to play for on every hand. This is called “posting the blinds.” Most

often, the “first blind” — the player to the left of the dealer — puts up half the

minimum bet, and the “second blind” puts up the full minimum bet.

Each player is dealt two cards; face down and unseen by the other players. These are

known as their hole cards.

Betting Begins

A round of betting takes place, beginning with the player to the left of the two who

posted the blinds. Players can call, raise, or fold when it’s their turn to bet. A call

(known as a check when the amount to call is zero) means that the player will match

the highest bet so far put into the pot, minus whatever they have already contributed.

A raise means that the player will call whatever bet has already been made, and raise

the bet by a further amount. A fold means that the player forfeits all money in the pot,

throws in their hole cards, and waits for the next game. The round of betting continues

until every player has either called or folded the last bet/raise, with the consequence

that a player can’t re-raise himself.

The Flop

After the first betting round, the dealer discards the top card of the deck. This is called

burning the card and is done to ensure that no one accidentally saw the top card, and

to help prevent cheating.

The dealer then flips the next three cards face up on the table. These cards are called

the “flop.”

NOTE: Eventually, a total of five community cards will be placed face up on the table.

Players can use any combination of the community cards and their own two cards to

form the best possible five-card Poker hand.

After the flop, another round of betting takes place, beginning with the player to the

left of the dealer (the button). During this and all future rounds of betting, players

have to choose whether to check, call, raise, or fold when it’s their turn to bet.

 

The Turn

The dealer burns another card and places one more card face up onto the table. This,

the fourth community card, is called the “turn” or “Fourth Street.”

The player to the left of the dealer (the button) begins the third round of betting.

The River

The dealer burns another card before placing the final face-up card on the table. This

card is called the “river” or “Fifth Street.”

Final Betting and The Winner

Players can now use any combination of seven cards — the five community cards and

the two cards known only to them — to form the best possible five-card Poker hand.

The fourth and final round of betting starts with the player to the left of the dealer (the

button).

After the final betting round, all players who remain in the game can reveal their

hands. The player who made the last raise in the river round shows their hand first. A

player can choose not to show their hand if they can’t beat a hand already shown. The

player with the best-ranked hand wins.

Split pots in betting

It is possible for a player to run out of money whilst betting, rendering him unable to

continue betting even though other players might wish to keep betting. In the event

that this happens, the concept of split pots is introduced. The main pot consists of all

money so far contributed by the other players to the pot up to the amount that the

player has so far contributed, plus any other money that was bet by people that have

already folded. This is under contention between all players. Then, a side pot is

created for all the people who still wish to bet. This pot is only filled by money from

those players that still wish to bet and have enough money to do so, and is therefore

also only under contention between those players that contributed to it. If the situation

arises again, a further side pot is created, and so on.